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The limited availability of non-renewable and growing consumer demand has turned the sufficiency of natural resources and the state of the environment, into a globally important question. Forchem tall oil products have a low carbon footprint, generating minimal volumes of greenhouse gases compared to alternative materials.

Our raw material, crude tall oil (CTO), is an industrial byproduct derived from the kraft pulping process. There is no additional use of natural resources. Forchem's modern bio refinery is powered by 99 % bioenergy.

fortop600 for combustion Datasheet
fortop600 for material use Datasheet

Fortop600 is a liquid biofuel, which replaces heavy fuel oil (HFO) in customer applications. Carbon footprint of Fortop600 is 3 gCO2eq./MJ*, whereas heavy fuel oil (HFO) causes emissions of 90 gCO2eq./MJ**. FORTOP600 has only 3% of emissions compared to its substitute heavy fuel oil (HFO).

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* Biofuels are classified to be carbon-free in the EU emissions trading scheme as well as in carbon footprint calculations. Heat value (effective) of Fortop600 is 38 MJ/kg. Fortop600 carbon footprint is 72 gCO2eq/kg.

** Heavy fuel oil (HFO) emission factor is from Ecoinvent v2.1 database. HFO emissions include all cradle-to-gate emissions, transport to customer as well as combustion. Heat value of heavy fuel oil is 40,5 MJ/kg.


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  • Calculations are conducted following life cycle assessment standards (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
  • Emissions are for year 2012. The results include emissions from raw material production, transportation and operations in Rauma refinery (cradle-to-gate).
  • Primary data was collected and used for all processes under the control of Forchem.
  • Secondary data was collected from reliable databases and used to estimate the emissions of raw material production and transportation.

  • Emissions of crude tall oil production (CTO) were assumed to be 3.5 % of the emissions of sulfate pulp production. This is based on the average amount of CTO produced as side-product in sulfate pulp processes in Finland (mass basis).
  • Emission factor for average Nordic pulp mill is utilized as most of the CTO originates from Nordic pulp mills.
  • This calculation was conducted by Gaia Consulting Ltd. ( for business-to-business purposes only.
Forchem assumes no responsibility or liability for the completeness and correctness of this analysis and this document including the data and information collected from raw material suppliers.  

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