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The limited availability of the earth’s resources and growing consumer demand has turned the availability of natural resources and the state of the environment into a globally important question. Forchem tall oil products have a low carbon footprint, generating minimal volumes of greenhouse gases compared to alternative materials. Our raw material, crude tall oil (CTO) is an industrial by-product derived from the kraft pulping process. There is no additional use of natural resources. Forchem’s modern bio refinery is powered by 99 % bioenergy.

TOFA & DTO carbon Footprint Datasheet


Forchem TOFA & DTO have significantly lower carbon footprints compared to alternative materials such as soybean oil. Forchem's TOFA and DTO have each only 8 % of emissions compared to their substitute soybean oil. TOFAs carbon footprint is only 70 gCO2eq./kg and DTOs carbon footprint is only 69 gCO2eq./kg, whereas soybean oil has a significantly higher footprint with 920 gCO2eq./kg.

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Forchem TOFA and DTO emissions are for year 2012. They include emissions from raw material production, transportation (cradle-to-gate) and operations in Rauma refinery.
 Soybean oil emission factors are from Ecoinvent v2.1 database. Emission vary between 770 and 1150 gCO2/kg depending on source.


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  • Calculations are conducted following the life cycle assessment standards ISO 14040 and ISO 14044.
  • Emissions are for year 2012. The presented results include emissions from raw material production, transportation and operations in Rauma refinery (cradle-to-gate).
  • Primary data was collected and used for all processes under the control of Forchem.
  • Secondary data was collected from available databases (mostly Ecoinvent v. 2.1) and used to estimate the emissions of raw material production and transportation.

  • Emissions of crude tall oil production (CTO) were assumed to be 3.5 % of the emissions of sulfate pulp production. This is based on the average amount of CTO produced as side-product in sulfate pulp processes in Finland (mass basis).
  • Emission factor for average Nordic pulp mill is utilized as most of the CTO originates from Nordic pulp mills.
  • This calculation was conducted by Gaia Consulting Ltd. ( for business-to-business purposes only.

Forchem assumes no responsibility or liability for the completeness and correctness of this analysis and this document including the data and information collected from raw material suppliers.

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