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The limited availability of the earth’s resources and growing consumer demand has turned the availability of natural resources and the state of the environment into a globally important question. Forchem tall oil products have a low carbon footprint, generating minimal volumes of greenhouse gases compared to alternative materials.
Our raw material, crude tall oil (CTO) is an industrial by-product derived from the kraft pulping process. There is no additional use of natural resources. Forchem’s modern bio refinery is powered by 99 % bioenergy.
TOR Carbon Footprint Datasheet

Forchem TOR has a lower carbon footprint compared to production of gum rosin. Forchem TOR has only 9 % of emissions compared to its substitute gum rosin. Its carbon footprint is only 89 gCO2eq./kg, whereas gum rosin has a significantly higher footprint with 980gCO2eq./kg.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Forchem TOR emissions are for year 2016. They include emissions from raw material production, transportation and operations in Rauma refinery  (cradle-to-gate).
 Gum rosin emission factor is from a substitute producer. The rosin acid composition and reactivity of Forchem's TOR products are comparable to gum rosin.


  • Calculations are conducted following life cycle assessment standards (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
  • The results include emissions from raw material production, transportation and operations in Rauma refinery (cradle-to-gate).
  • Primary data was collected and used for all processes under the control of Forchem.
  • Secondary data was collected from reliable databases and used to estimate the emissions of raw material production and transportation.

  • Emissions of crude tall oil production (CTO) were assumed to be 3.5 % of the emissions of sulfate pulp production. This is based on the average amount of CTO produced as side-product in sulfate pulp processes in Finland (mass basis).
  • Emission factor for average Nordic pulp mill is utilized as as most of the CTO originates from Nordic pulp mills.
  • This calculation was conducted by Gaia Consulting Ltd. ( for business-to-business purposes only.

Forchem assumes no responsibility or liability for the completeness and correctness of this analysis and this document including the data and information collected from raw material suppliers.

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